Historic background, Basic Principles and Applications of Surveying.

  1. Surveying Instruments and their use.

iii.    Introduction to the Theory of Measurements and Errors

  1. Techniques of use of conventional surveying instruments for Site Surveying, Specifications and Errors
  2. Topographic Diagrams and Maps

Introduction to projections and maps

  1. Introduction to Satellite Geodesy

Introduction to applications in various field of Civil Engineering