Introduction to Building Technology, structural and functional requirements of buildings. Types of buildings and uses. Design procedure for buildings (brief presentation of codes). Construction methods for residential buildings (traditional, contemporary, industrialized). Construction processes. Brief presentation of basic construction materials.
- Positioning of a building on a site – Layout.
Topography, ground, vegetation, solar radiation, passive design, shading, natural light sources, water drainage, wind, noise, view, legislative issues, access, inclinations, retention walls, technical specifications, building diagram and basic terminology.
- Site works – Earthworks (excavations, foundations):
Survey plan, contour lines, site plans, building construction machinery, construction site setup. General excavation, special-type excavations. Excavations plan. Types of foundations, foundation elements.
- Building envelope – Construction systems:
Masonry constructions. Types, properties, materials, hygrothermal insulation, sound insulation of walls. Façades and claddings. Frames for windows, doors and apertures, definitions, categories, types, selection criteria, function, sun protection, safety features. Basement walls. Construction details.
- Rooftop and base slabs, roofs:
Rooftop slabs. Cold and warm roof. Pitched roofs. Roof slopes for water drainage. Base slabs (slabs on grade/ground and basement slabs).
- Forms of vertical access routes:
Types and design of stairs. Ramps. Elevators.
- Internal partitions, linings, coatings, finishes:
Drywall construction. Drywall finishing. Typical drywall details.
- Installations and services:
Mechanical, Electrical, Plumbing
- Protection of structures:
Waterproofing and thermal insulation (per type of building element), vapour condensation (in relation to thermal insulation), soundproofing, fire safety.