1.       Concepts and challenges of digital / smart cities: from Smart towards Responsive Cities.

2.       Good practices in smart city design and development.

3.       Smart Grids and applications.

4.       Introduction to Systems: Systems Thinking, Systems Analysis and System Dynamics.

5.       Smart city architecture: The City as a ‘System of Systems’.

6.       Case study: Development of a system dynamics model for smart city operation.

7.       Risk management in complex systems, application in Smart Grids.

8.       Introduction to Digital Twins technology.

9.       Applications of Digital Twins in the built environment.

10.   Applications of Digital Twins at a city-level.